Position Statements


CAM develops position statements on issues related to midwifery and maternal and newborn health care. These statements are developed with input from CAM members as well as collaboration with other associations as appropriate.


The Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM) formally adopts the Truth & Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action (TRC), the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Calls to Justice (MMIWG), the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People (UNDRIP), Jordan’s Principle (JP) and Joyce’s Principle (JEP). We formally call on all levels of government, educational and health institutions to do the same. Read the statement >


The Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM) and the National Aboriginal Council of Midwives (NACM) are the national organizations representing midwifery in Canada. CAM’s vision is “equitable access to excellent sexual, reproductive & newborn midwifery services for everyone”. CAM’s values are Responsibility, Equity, Integrity and Respect. Our intended impact and values guide our work and advocacy. Canadian and Indigenous midwives are trusted health leaders who play a significant role in primary health care delivery and help optimize health outcomes for families. Read the statement >

Reproductive Health Care

February 2016 – The Canadian Association of Midwives recognizes that reproductive health care and timely access to such care is a human right. CAM commits to ensuring universal access to reproductive health care for all people in Canada and around the world. This commitment is grounded in the knowledge that universal access to reproductive health care is essential for achieving gender equity, as well as the realization of many important global development goals. >>>


Canadian Midwifery Model of Care

September 2015 – The purpose of this statement is to articulate the essential principles of the Canadian midwifery model of care, which has achieved worldwide recognition and admiration. This statement is meant to serve as a reference for the public, midwives, policy makers, government, health professionals, and educators, as well as those engaged in research, education, regulation, collaboration, and professional development. The seven core principles of the Canadian midwifery model of care are: professional autonomy, partnership, informed choice, continuity of care-provider, choice of birth place, evidence-based practice and collaborative practice. >>>


Statement on Gender Inclusivity and Human Rights

September 2015 (updated May 2018)- The Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM) is an organization that is rooted in the feminist movement and has a history of commitment to human rights and social justice. It is our goal to pursue visionary leadership in our work on these issues within the Canadian and global healthcare context. We are committed to the inclusion of trans, genderqueer, intersex and otherwise marginalized communities in our central dialogue and focused on ensuring that CAM is inclusive in its statements, actions, and in all aspects of its work. These priorities should not be established by the needs of the majority but by the powerful impact of the inclusion of all voices. >>>


Revised Position Statement on Home Birth

December 2013 (updated March 2019) – The best available evidence from North America and international studies demonstrates that midwife attended home births are associated with optimal labour and birth outcomes. Midwife attended planned home births in Canada are associated with fewer obstetrical interventions and no increase in maternal/fetal/neonatal mortality or morbidity compared to births planned to be in hospital. The Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM/ACSF) recognizes that planned home birth for healthy women is safe and that the definition of safety in maternity care includes physical safety, as well as a woman’s self-defined values of cultural, spiritual and emotional safety for herself, her baby and her family. >>>


Midwifery Care and Normal Birth
January 2010

December 2007

Elective Cesarean Section
June 2004

Position statements published by the National Aboriginal Council of Midwives (NACM)  which have been fully endorsed by CAM:

Position Statement on Evacuation for Birth >>>

Position Statement on Indigenous Child Apprehensions >>>

Position Statement on Forced and Coerced Sterilization of Indigenous Peoples >>>


Joint Statements

Rural Maternity Care
October 2012

Nurses and Midwives Collaborate on Client-Centred Care
March 2012

Breastfeeding CAM/CNA
May 2008

Liability Protection for Midwives and Physicians
June 2007