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Discover Midwifery Across Canada

In 2021 there were 1,892 midwives who supported 48,420 births.

Midwifery is a growing and dynamic profession in Canada, providing care along your pregnancy journey. Registered midwives are health professionals who will be there to help you before, during and after birth.

ICM International Definition of the Midwife

Prenatal Care

Midwives provide complete care during pregnancy, including regular visits, diagnostic tests, routine bloodwork, and emotional support. You can call a midwife as soon as you know you are pregnant to request care; you do not need a referral from a doctor.

Care during birth

Midwives are there for you during your birth, no matter when, where, or how long it takes. If necessary, midwives access emergency services and collaborate with other health professionals during birth.

Postnatal care

Midwives visit you and your newborn in your own home in the first week after birth. They continue to provide care to you and your newborn for at least six weeks after birth.

Primary care

Midwives in Canada are autonomous, primary health care providers. They provide comprehensive care to individuals and their newborns during pregnancy, labour, and at least six weeks postpartum.

Informed choice

Midwives believe that every person has the right to be the primary decision maker about their own care. Midwives encourage you to fully participate in the planning of your own care, and care for your newborn. They allow enough time during your visits for meaningful discussion and for your questions to be answered.


Midwives work in partnership with you and your loved ones when you are pregnant. They provide support in a non-authoritarian way that respects your needs and experiences.

On call 24 hours

Because midwives work in pairs or small teams, there will almost always be a midwife that you have met who is on call when you have a question, concern, or when labour starts. 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

Evidence-based care

Midwifery practice is informed by research, evidence-based guidelines, clinical experience and the unique values and needs of those in their care.

Choice of Birth Place

Midwives provide care to people in their birth setting of choice. You can plan to give birth at home, in a hospital, at a birth centre, or in a health clinic, depending on what facilities are available in your area.

Indigenous midwifery honours Indigenous peoples, languages, oral cultures, and traditions. Indigenous midwives uphold birth as a deeply profound and sacred event. Indigenous midwives play a key role in building healthy and safe Indigenous communities, in rural and urban areas.

The National Council of Indigenous Midwives (NCIM) exists to promote excellence in reproductive health care for Inuit, First Nations, and Metis women. NCIM advocates for the restoration of midwifery education, the provision of midwifery services, and choice of birthplace for all Aboriginal communities, consistent with the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Number of midwives: 177

The Canadian Midwifery Regulators Council (CMRC) is a network of provincial and territorial regulatory authorities. Collectively, the CMRC regulates the profession of midwifery, setting and maintaining high standards of practice, and ensuring regulatory harmony across the country.

The CMRC maintains a strong regulatory framework through their work in setting the Canadian Midwifery Competencies, establishing national standards for midwifery practice, administering the national Canadian Midwifery Registration Examination, and approving educational and bridging programs.

The Canadian Association for Midwifery Education (CAMEd) promotes and increases the capacity for excellence in Canadian midwifery education through setting and maintaining standards for curricula and scholarship within midwifery educational programs, and by supporting continued development of midwifery faculty and programs.

The CAMEd / ACFSF’s objectives are:

  • To promote excellence in midwifery education, and establish and maintain the national accrediting process for midwifery education programs.
  • To be the voice of Canadian midwifery education.
  • To support faculty and program development.

Midwives are health care providers working in all provinces and territories across Canada. In each region there are midwifery associations representing the midwives and furthering the cause of improved health outcomes for all. There is also a regulatory body that sets standards for that region.

Which region would you like to learn about?

Number of midwives: 160
Number of midwife-attended births: 5,323 (10.6% of 50,361 total births)
Year of regulation: 1994
Regulator: College of Midwives of Alberta


Alberta Association of Midwives

Number of midwives: 320
Number of midwife-attended births: 10,847 (25.3% of 44,540 total births)
Year of regulation: 1998
Regulator: College of Midwives of British Columbia


Midwives Association of British Columbia

Number of midwives: 69
Number of midwife-attended births: 1,366 (8.8% of 14,476 total births)
Year of regulation: 2000
Regulator: College of Midwives of Manitoba


Midwives Association of Manitoba

Number of midwives: 7
Number of midwife-attended births: 95 (1.5% of 6,429 total births)
Year of regulation: 2016
Regulator: Midwifery Council of New Brunswick


New Brunswick Midwives

Number of midwives: 6
Number of midwife-attended births: 54 (1.4% of 3,860 total births)
Year of regulation: 2016
Association: Association of Midwives of Newfoundland & Labrador

Association of Midwives of Newfoundland & Labrador

Number of midwives: 25
Number of midwife-attended births: 14 (2.5% of 558 total births)
Year of regulation: 2005
Regulator: Northwest Territories Health Professional Licensing (Midwifery)


Midwives Association of the Northwest Territories

Number of midwives: 16
Number of midwife-attended births: 353 (5% of 7,038 total births)
Year of regulation: 2009
Regulator: Midwifery Regulatory Council of Nova Scotia

Association: Association of Nova Scotia Midwives

Number of midwives: 26
Number of midwife-attended births: 3 (0.4% of 813 total births)
Year of regulation: 2011
Regulator: Government of Nunavut, Professional Practice – Health and Social Services

Association: Midwives Association of Nunavut

Number of midwives: 1,031
Number of midwife-attended births: 26,451 (20% of 141,298 total births)
Year of regulation: 1994
Regulator: College of Midwives of Ontario


Association of Ontario Midwives

Number of midwives: 0
Number of midwife-attended births: 0 (0% of 1,475 total births)
Year of regulation: 2022
Association: Prince Edward Island Midwives Association

Number of midwives: 264
Number of midwife-attended births: 3,529 (4.3% of 85,584 total births)
Year of regulation: 1999
Regulator: Ordre des sages-femmes du Québec


Regroupement des Sages Femmes du Quebec

Number of midwives: 16
Number of midwife-attended births: 382 (3.0% of 14,423 total births)
Year of regulation: 2008
Regulator: Saskatchewan College of Midwives


Midwives Association of Saskatchewan

Number of midwives: 1
Number of midwife-attended births: 0 (0% of 451 total births)
Year of regulation: 2021


Community Midwifery Association Yukon

Midwifery in Canada is a dynamic and growing profession that is gaining in popularity every day. CAM is committed to leading this growth by supporting ongoing research, professional development, and educational opportunities.